Surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with operative methods of treatment. A surgeon is a specialist with a higher medical education, who through surgery saves the patient from the consequences of trauma and eliminates many pathologies, if they cannot be cured by conservative therapy.
History of surgery
Surgery is one of the most important branches of medicine, which dates back to ancient times. Surgery was developed in Ancient India during 1.5 thousand years B.C. It was then that surgical instruments appeared, such surgical interventions as plastic surgery of the nose, removal of foreign formations from the body, etc. were performed. The greatest doctor Hippocrates defined many medical phenomena in his writings on both general medicine and surgery. After the decline in development, celebrated in the Middle Ages, there came the heyday of medicine in the Renaissance, which brought the world such famous people as Paracelsus, Ambroise Parais, Garvey.
XIX and XX centuries. were rich in various discoveries in the field of surgery. It was during this period that such scientists as Pirogov, Sclifosovsky, Bergman and many others worked for the benefit of medicine and surgery as an integral part of it.
Modern surgery is able to fight various problems that could not be solved just a few decades ago. Surgery of our millennium is considered more and more reconstructive, which emphasizes its focus on the restoration or replacement of the affected organ. Surgery is inextricably linked to such branches of medicine as urology, andrology and genital surgery, gynecology, traumatology, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, cardiac surgery, etc. Surgery is an integral part of the whole world.
Surgical departments of the clinics meet international standards and create all necessary conditions for surgical operations on the whole range of diseases. This applies to diseases, the treatment of which is assumed by general surgery, and diseases related to this or that particular type of surgery (for example, surgery aimed at treating gynecological diseases).
Surgery centers provide consultative as well as therapeutic and diagnostic assistance to patients with diseases of different etiologies. General surgery departments of medical clinics specialize in the treatment of diseases of the abdominal and thoracic cavity, blood vessels, retroperitoneal space, as well as soft tissue, both tumor and inflammatory.
Achievements of modern surgery can avoid complications after surgery, so the patient spends no more than a week in hospital, and in some cases, the period of stay in the hospital is reduced to 2 days.
Surgeries are performed using the latest technology, more and more often surgeons use laser technology, which does not exclude the possibility of treatment by traditional methods. Thus, the surgery has evolved significantly compared to what was represented by this branch of medicine a few centuries ago, which allowed finding ways to treat diseases of different nature without further complications after surgical intervention.